GOES-R – The Next Generation of Earth Observing Satellites


GOES is a family of geostationary weather satellites that measure Earth-emitted and reflected radiation from which atmospheric temperature, winds, moisture and cloud cover can be derived. The first GOES satellite was launched on October 16, 1975 and since then the agency has continued to improve its technology to ensure its accuracy and reliability.

During a normal day, the GOES satellites are positioned 35,790 km (22,240 mi) above the Earth’s surface. This allows them to continuously image clouds, monitor the Earth’s surface temperature and water vapor fields and sound the atmosphere for its vertical thermal and vapor structures. This provides a detailed picture of the evolution of the Earth’s atmospheric phenomena.

It is also able to provide information on solar-terrestrial interaction and the environment in and around Earth’s magnetosphere, providing real-time data to the Space Environment Services Center (SESC) for monitoring, forecasting and alerting to geomagnetic storms and other significant events. The SESC is a major part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Earth science mission.

The GOES instruments on board a GOES-R satellite consist of an infrared imaging and sounding instrument called the Imager, a geostationary lightning mapper (GLM), a solar ultraviolet imager (SUVI) and a space environment in-situ suite (SEISS). These instruments are a part of NOAA’s Earth Observing System, which is operated by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Service (NOAA).

In addition to the GOES satellites, there are several other geostationary orbiting weather satellites operated by countries world wide that contribute to coverage of the entire planet. These include the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EOGS), the Japanese Meteorological Agency (JAXA) and China’s National Satellite Observing System (NSOS).

A GOES-R satellite is a geosynchronous satellite that orbits at 35,790 km above the Earth. It is used for continuous observations of the United States, the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, Central America and South America.

GOES-R is being built by Lockheed Martin using the A2100 satellite bus and will be launched in November 2016 on an Atlas V 541 expendable launch vehicle. The GOES-R series is the fourth generation of GOES satellites and will extend the operational life of the GOES satellite system through 2036.

It uses an array of infrared and visible instruments to measure the sun’s radiation in the wavelength ranges between 0.3 and 1.25 micrometers. The GOES-R satellites can measure a variety of meteorological parameters, such as cloud top height, air temperature and wind speed.

These instruments are sensitive to long and short wavelengths of the thermal infrared radiation that is emitted by the Earth’s surface, cloud tops and water vapor in the atmosphere. Some of this radiation is absorbed by oxygen, carbon dioxide, ozone and methane in the atmosphere, while other wavelengths are reflected back toward space by ice particles or other cloud structures.

The long wavelengths of the infrared radiation are absorbed by the atmosphere at higher elevations, so GOES-R satellites have a special band called the High Infrared Imaging Sensor (HIIR). It is primarily used for cloud top height and ice particle detection but can be useful to determine air temperature.

How to Be a Nice Person

You can be a nice person by being compassionate to others and treating them with respect. It is a great way to make the world a better place and to boost your mental health.

The term “nice” can be used to describe anything that is pleasant or appealing. This includes things like flowers, chocolates, and the atmosphere of a place. You can also use the term in a formal way to say that you liked something or that you enjoyed spending time with it.

Being nice is a positive trait and it makes you more attractive as a partner. In fact, research suggests that kindness is more important to people than things like financial prospects or physical appearances.

There are several things that you can do to be a nicer person and some of them are listed below:


Being kind is a good trait to have because it shows that you care about other people. It also makes you a more trustworthy and reliable person.

This is because being nice will show other people that you have a strong sense of morality and that you are not a selfish person. This will help you maintain good relationships with other people and it will be beneficial to your career as well.


Being fair is a very important trait to have because it shows that you are willing to take responsibility for your actions and to be honest about what you did wrong. This is especially important when it comes to dealing with people who are on a different wavelength.

A good example of being fair would be to choose a friend over someone else or to not do something that you know is wrong. This is because being fair will help you to avoid hurting other people and it can be very hard for some people to do this.

Taking responsibility for your mistakes is a very good trait to have because it will help you to learn from your mistakes and not repeat them. This is especially important when it comes to working with other people because they may not always be willing to share their stories and opinions.

Becoming a good person isn’t as easy as it sounds but it can be done if you want to. This is because it requires you to make a conscious effort to be nice to others and to treat them with respect.

It is also important to be kind to yourself. This is because it will help you to develop a healthy and happy lifestyle.


Being generous is another good trait to have because it means that you are willing to give other people your time, your money, or anything else that they might need. This will make them feel special and it will also be a great way to build good relationships with other people.

Being a good and kind person can be difficult but it is important to be patient with yourself. This will allow you to grow as a person and become a more valuable member of your community.