The Concept of Good in Philosophy


Good is a term used in philosophy to describe something that has value or is desirable. It is often a general concept that can be interpreted in many different ways, depending on the philosopher.

Optimistic Frame

A good writer will use the word “good” when writing about a person, company, or idea that has a bright future and a positive tone. This can be a great way to make your article stand out and get some attention, but it is important not to overuse this term or make it sound too good to be true.

Varieties of Good

The Greeks divided good into three kinds: perfective, delectable, and useful. This reflects the fact that man seeks different kinds of objects for his satisfaction, and his good depends on the order in which he reaches those objects.

Ontological Good

Man’s ontological good is the state of his body, mind, and spirit in which he exists. It is a condition of happiness, but it does not define the ultimate good for which we should strive. Nevertheless, the existence of certain perfections in a person’s body and mind enables us to judge whether his action is right or wrong by comparison with the average man.

Moral Good

In general, man’s moral good consists of the actions that are necessary for him to achieve his ultimate end. In other words, these are the acts that must be done in order to make him happy, and they are those that will not defeat his goals or bring about evil.

Plato’s Notion of Good

The concept of good has been interpreted in many different ways over the centuries. One of the most common interpretations is that it refers to a state of being or action that is good in itself, and can only be reached through the development of certain faculties that are characteristic of human beings.

Immanuel Kant rejected this notion of good, arguing that it was purely subjective and relativistic. He sought an objective moral relation that would be universally valid and based on something absolute in the person.

Thomas Aquinas formulated this understanding of the concept in his Thomistic Doctrine. He defined the good as “a certain synthesis of the virtues, according to a pattern elaborated by reason,” and this he saw as a norm of good action that defines the good.

He argued that this good was in some sense the supreme good, and that its goodness is derived from God’s will for man, which is to be a good.

This is a powerful argument, and one that has been repeated by other philosophers throughout the history of philosophy. However, it is a hard argument to carry out because it assumes that the good has a certain degree of complexity.

A more complex approach to this problem would be to see the good as a kind of organic unity that encompasses all of the various aspects of being, and that is not just a simple sum of the properties of its components but a totality that transcends those properties. This view has been defended by a number of philosophers, including G. E. Moore and Alfred North Whitehead, among others.