GOES and POES are operational environmental satellites that are part of the National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service (NESDIS) of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). GOES and POES specialize in weather forecasting and monitoring of Earth’s environmental conditions. These satellites provide continuous weather data and provide information about solar activity. GOES data is distributed to various operational centers, including the National Weather Service, the Department of Defense, and commercial weather services. The satellites are controlled from the Satellite Operations Control Center (SOCC) in Suitland, Maryland.
The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) have been an important part of weather monitoring in the United States since 1974. The satellites are located in geostationary orbit, directly above the Earth’s equator. This allows the satellites to provide full disk imagery of the Earth. The images are only available during daylight hours, but they contain enough information to help meteorologists determine the speed of clouds and storms. They can also provide real-time coverage of tropical cyclones and severe local storms. The satellites have also helped search and rescue operations during times of natural disasters. GOES data is important for short-term and long-term forecasting and is available through NOAA’s Product Distribution and Access (PDA) data delivery system.
These satellites are built by Space Systems/Loral under a contract with NASA. GOES-R series satellites feature the Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) and the Space Environment In-Situ Suite (SESI). The ABI on GOES-R series satellites includes Extreme Ultraviolet and X-ray Irradiance Sensors (X-SIR) and Magnetometers. The SESI on GOES-R series satellites provides information on Earth’s upper atmosphere and lower surface temperature and humidity.
The satellites collect data on Earth’s surface, including temperature, humidity, and ozone. Data from the satellites is distributed to various research centers and operational centers. Data from the GOES satellites is used to improve numerical weather prediction models, enhance operational services, and increase the accuracy of short-term forecasts. The data is also used by the Department of Defense, commercial weather services, and research organizations.
GOES data is used for weather forecasting, natural hazards, and environmental research. It is a critical component of the weather monitoring system. GOES data is delivered to various operational centers and is available through NOAA’s Product Distribution and Access (PDA) data delivery system. The data is also available through SPEDAS software.
GOES data is vital for the National Weather Service, as it provides meteorologists with early warnings about severe weather and storms. The data is also critical for high-altitude aviators, as it provides information about space weather events. The data is also important for scientific researchers and the high-altitude aviation community. These data products are used by various research centers, including the National Weather Service, the Office of Naval Research, and the Department of Defense.
GOES-R series satellites provide improved weather monitoring of the Western Hemisphere. They also provide improved data on solar activity and lightning activity. The Advanced Baseline Imager is included on all GOES-R series satellites. GOES-R series satellites are designed to operate in geostationary orbit.