All posts by adminku

The Next Generation of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES)

Since 1975, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) have provided data on atmospheric conditions. They have contributed to better forecasting and even aided in saving lives. These are the most advanced weather satellites in the world. The $11 billion GOES-R series – launched 19 November from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida – will provide more detail than ever before, especially for storms, volcanic activity and other events.

GOES-R carries the most advanced sensors NOAA has ever flown on a single spacecraft. It uses the latest technology to deliver more images of severe weather at a faster rate and with improved spatial resolution. This allows more detailed information to be available for severe storms, hurricanes and other phenomena, improving weather forecasting. Ten-minute full disk imagery will be critical to NOAA’s National Weather Service weather forecast offices, NOAA’s Volcanic Ash Advisories and for monitoring airplanes as they fly through volcanic ash plumes.

The GOES-R series uses the same basic satellite platform as GOES-8 and -9. The main instrument is the Advanced Baseline Imager, which has an Earth-facing sensor (also called a “nadir-pointing” sensor) that can detect and observe a wide range of phenomena. The Geostationary Lightning Mapper is also on board to monitor lightning activity.

Both GOES-R sensors are cooled by the sun, so they require very little power. This conserves energy and allows the satellite to operate for longer periods of time. The spacecraft is controlled by a spacecraft-provided closed-loop control system utilizing both the onboard and ground-based spacecraft PCM telemetry streams.

Like the previous generation of GOES satellites, GOES-R is in geosynchronous orbit 22,300 miles above Earth’s equator. The geostationary position allows the satellites to continuously view the continental United States, the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, Central and South America and Southern Canada. The geostationary position allows the nadir-pointing sensors to keep their eyes on weather events as they move across the Earth, ensuring that real-time observations of these events are maintained.

The GOES-R spacecraft is designed to have two primary locations of orbit: GOES East, at 75 degrees West and GOES West, at 135 degrees West. The satellites will be positioned at these locations to cover most of the U.S. The spacecraft is also equipped with an on-orbit spare that will be tasked to go into operation in the event of a failed satellite.

The GOES-R program is the most complex NOAA satellite program ever, with four satellites and extensive land systems of receivers. NOAA’s meteorologists are excited about the new capabilities of GOES-R to improve weather forecasting and save lives.

How to Be Nice

A study published in the Journal of Personality found that people who are nice report feeling happier and more satisfied with life than those who don’t. This is true whether their acts of kindness were directed toward friends, strangers, or even themselves. But how exactly is being nice defined? What does it mean to be nice, and how can you be more of a good person?

Being nice is about showing empathy towards others. This includes listening to them and focusing on their feelings rather than getting caught up in your own. It is also about being helpful to them, which can include small things like holding the door for someone or helping them with a problem. It can also involve bigger acts, such as donating money or your time to help those in need.

Another important aspect of being nice is treating people with respect. This means being polite and listening to them, but it also means speaking up when they are being rude or aggressive. Being a good person requires you to respect other people’s boundaries, and that means not letting them push you around or take advantage of your nice nature.

People who are nice often struggle with balancing the needs of others with their own. They want to please everybody, but this is not always possible or even beneficial. For example, if you are helping someone out but they are not paying their share, it is not nice to keep them on the hook for the rest of the time. In this case, it is best to say something and let them know you can’t continue doing them favors.

If you are trying to be nice, it is important to clarify expectations and standards of performance. Ambiguity feeds toxic niceness, so make sure your team members understand what kind of behavior you expect and how it will be evaluated. Be explicit about what you expect in meetings, such as intellectual honesty and candid feedback, and follow up immediately on any violations.

Many nice people are so focused on being liked that they don’t have any firm boundaries. This can lead them to compromise their values or allow others to walk all over them. A good person is willing to stand up for their beliefs, even if that makes them unpopular.

In relationships, a good person is honest about how they feel and won’t stay in a relationship that is making them miserable. This can be hard, but being a good person is worth it in the long run. Ultimately, you cannot be nice to yourself if you are not happy in your own life. So start by evaluating your own happiness and making changes as needed. You will be glad you did.

The Concept of Good

Throughout history and across cultures, the concept of good has varied widely. However, the general idea is that of something desirable or preferable as opposed to something bad or undesirable. This idea is a key concept in ethics, morality, philosophy, and religion, with specific ideas differing by context and tradition.

It is often considered good to be kind, generous, and respectful toward others. In addition, it is commonly believed that doing good deeds will bring one happiness and a feeling of fulfillment.

A person who is a good friend will listen intently to your problems and offer honest advice. They will also be there for you when you need them. A good friend will not judge you for your mistakes and will always be happy to help you in any way they can.

Having a good work ethic means that you are hardworking and determined to achieve your goals. It is a trait that is important for success in many careers, including business. In order to be a good worker, it is important to stay on top of your game by staying up-to-date with industry news and developments, and being able to apply knowledge to your daily work.

When writing an article, it is important to use logical reasoning and clear language. This will make your articles easier to read and more understandable to your readers. Additionally, using idioms, colloquialisms, and analogies will add an element of personalization to your articles, making them more relatable to your audience.

Good is a word that has numerous definitions and meanings, from a noun (things that can be sold) to an adjective (pleasing, favorable, nice). The most common use of the word good in modern English is with linking verbs such as be or seem: “That dress looks good,” or “This soup tastes good.” It is also used in adjectival phrases such as the “good life” or the “good work”—the former referring to the goal of a well-lived life, and the latter to a morally superior lifestyle.

In some cultures, the concept of good is closely associated with religious belief. For example, in the Bible, God is often referred to as “good” (“Yahweh is good”; Psalms 145:9). Similarly, angels are often portrayed as good as contrasted with evil demons. In addition, the concept of goodness is a central theme in most religions’ ethical systems.

In modern philosophy, philosophers have debated the meaning and value of goodness. Some, such as Philippa Foot (2001), have tried to use attributive uses of good in order to naturalize the concept and render it less mysterious. Other philosophers, such as Thomas Scanlon (1998), have analyzed the concept of good in terms of kinds of pro-attitudes. While his analysis has its shortcomings, it does provide an interesting framework for understanding the nature of goodness. Nevertheless, a more satisfactory elucidation of the notion of good remains elusive.

The Basics of Riding a Bicycle

A bicycle is a two-wheeled vehicle that you ride by sitting on it and pushing pedals with your feet. People use bicycles to get around, exercise, work, deliver packages, and compete in races. They also make for a lot of fun. But riding a bike might seem easy to some, but it’s actually a complex process that involves both the bicycle and the rider.

The bicycle was invented by German Baron Karl von Drais in 1817. The first modern bicycles were called Laufmaschine (German for “running machine”) or velocipede (English), and were ridden with the hands off the handlebars. Later, tangent spokes were used to improve stability. In the late 19th century, James Starley of Coventry added the chain drive and hollow-section steel frames to allow for a larger front wheel, which made it easier to turn the wheels (earlier designs required pedalling the steering front wheel, which could be dangerous and caused injury if not done correctly).

Today, millions of people worldwide use bicycles for transportation, work, exercise, and play. They are an effective, efficient, and environmentally friendly mode of transportation that can carry a person over long distances at relatively high speeds. They are also an excellent form of exercise, and research shows that they increase strength and endurance, as well as cardiovascular fitness.

Cycling can be enjoyed by people of all ages, and it is a good choice for children as it develops their balance and coordination. It is a low-impact activity that is gentle on joints, so it is a good choice for those who are recovering from injury or illness. It can be done at a very low intensity to begin with, and gradually built up to provide a challenging physical workout. People who cycle regularly tend to enjoy it more than those who don’t, and are more likely to continue cycling as an enjoyable part of their lives.

Bicycles are also a popular recreational sport, and an excellent way to experience nature. They can be used to explore local trails, or for longer trips, such as to visit a favorite park or lake. The sport of cycling can be very social, with groups formed to train together and compete in races or other events.

The bicycle is a good way to get fresh air and exercise, and can be a great way for families to spend time together. It is a healthy, inexpensive way to get around, and does not damage roads or cause congestion like cars do. In addition, the fun and sense of adventure that comes from cycling is often enough to encourage kids to want to ride their own bikes, rather than be driven in a car or van.

Finally, the bicycle is a wonderful invention that has changed the world for the better in many ways. It has helped people become more active and fit, and it has improved the lives of millions of people in cities by reducing traffic congestion.

GOES – The Backbone of Weather Forecasting

GOES, the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites, is a series of weather satellites that have formed the backbone of short-term weather forecasting in the United States since 1974. GOES satellites occupy fixed positions in geosynchronous orbit, 35,790 kilometres (22,236 miles) above Earth’s equator, to continuously monitor the same geographic region.

Each satellite is equipped with several sophisticated instruments. For example, the Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) is able to identify radiation upwelling from Earth at specific wavelengths. The ABI instrument can then combine data from multiple channels in a variety of ways to create imagery that approximates what a human eye would see from space – a technique called “GeoColor.” The ABI data also provides information about three properties that determine how much sunlight the Earth receives. The first, cloud top height, is the altitude corresponding to a particular cloud’s surface. The second property is cloud thickness, which measures the size of a cloud. The third is cloud optical depth, which indicates how the density of a cloud affects the amount of sunlight it reflects or absorbs.

These characterizations help meteorologists track the growth of severe thunderstorms, winter storms, flash floods, and hurricanes and provide warnings about them. The GOES system can also detect and monitor the development of wildfires, clouds, and aerosols, and the movement of air masses across our planet’s surface and into its atmosphere.

During the past few weeks, the GOES-18 satellite has observed a wide range of weather events and breathtaking views of our home planet. During the week of August 5, a severe thunderstorm spawned large hail and damaging winds over east Texas and tornadoes in New Mexico. During the week of September 10, fog covered parts of Chile in South America and a fire swept through the rainforest of western Amazonia, while a polar vortex formed and brought record low temperatures to northwestern Europe.

The upcoming GOES-R series of satellites will deliver improved latency and full hemispheric coverage with reduced dependency on ground segments, enabling NOAA to more rapidly detect and observe environmental phenomena that directly impact the nation’s public safety and protection of property and our economic well-being. The next-generation GOES-R satellites will employ innovative sensor technology, and will be designed to meet evolving user needs for real-time atmospheric, hydrologic, oceanographic, solar and space weather data.

NOAA is working closely with NASA on the design and development of the GOES-R spacecraft and its sensors at the co-located Program and Project Offices at Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland. The GOES-R Program is managed by NOAA of DOC, which establishes requirements and funding for the spacecraft series and its sensor complement.

The GOES-R program is an ambitious undertaking of decadal dimension. It requires the design of a new series of spacecraft and its sensors, new operating procedures, a new generation of ground systems, and new operational techniques, all driven by state-of-the-art technology, demanding user requirements, and available funding resources. The STAR website hosts examples of ongoing experimental products to demonstrate the capabilities of the new spacecraft and its sensors.

Being Nice Isn’t All It’s Cracked Up To Be

Nice is a popular word that often gets used to describe people who are friendly, pleasant, and agreeable. It is an admirable quality that many of us seek to possess. However, there is a difference between being a nice person and being a good person. Good people are true to their values, and they don’t compromise them just to be liked.

A genuinely nice person is someone who is kind and compassionate. They are the first to help a stranger, make someone else feel comfortable in a stressful situation, and offer genuine compliments. A nice person goes out of their way to help others, whether it be opening a door for someone or offering their assistance with a project at work. Being a nice person helps build relationships because it demonstrates empathy, which can be a very powerful and healing trait.

Being a nice person is also a form of prosocial behavior, which is a category psychologists use to describe actions that promote the well-being and safety of others. This includes being supportive of the feelings and needs of others, taking responsibility for one’s own mistakes, and helping to prevent and alleviate suffering. Being nice is one of the five broad dimensions of personality that psychologists use to describe how you interact with other people.

The problem with being a nice person is that it can be used as a cover for other behaviors. For example, being nice can be a mask for being manipulative or deceptive. In addition, being nice can be a mask for insecurity. You have heard the expression, “He’s a nice guy,” which has been used to describe an insecure man who believes his kindness automatically entitles him to sex. This concept of nice guy syndrome was popularized in the 2000s on some feminist spaces on the internet, where women were critical of men who believed being a nice guy meant they would be rewarded with sex.

Nice people can also become sycophantic, which means they cling to other people to get the attention they crave. They will offer positive reviews for people’s work, and they are quick to praise anyone who crosses their path. They can also be used as a tool in a power play to keep people from speaking up or challenging them.

Being a nice person can also be a mask for toxic and dysfunctional relationships. Nice people are unable to set boundaries with other people and may end up getting walked all over. This can be dangerous to their mental and physical health. In these types of situations, nice people often lose sight of their own values and priorities and sacrifice their own well-being in order to please other people. It is important to remember that you can be a nice person without being a doormat or becoming a sycophant. You can still be a kind, supportive, and helpful person, but you must also stand up for your beliefs. This will allow you to create deeper and more meaningful relationships with others.

The Concept of Goodness

Good (also “well”) is a fundamental concept in ethics, morality, philosophy, religion, and other fields that concern human behavior. The word’s specific meaning and etymology vary greatly among cultures and traditions, but its basic role in ethical reasoning is generally the same: It identifies something that ought to be preferred to something else. In some contexts, it may be contrasted with evil.

The concept of good has been central to many philosophical schools and philosophies, including Aristotelianism, Deontological Ethics, and Utilitarianism. For example, Aristotle argued that to live the good life means excelling at what makes humans distinct from animals: rational thought, which he characterized as the characteristic activity of the human soul. The idea that a good life lies in the exercise of reason has been an essential element of ethics ever since.

In the early modern period, the ideas of Jeremy Bentham and G. E. Moore brought an analytical focus to the study of goodness. Both argued that there are certain things that are simply not good, and that our knowledge of what these are can be derived from a comparison with our experience. Their analysis marked an important shift toward conceptual analysis in moral philosophy, and influenced later work by philosophers such as Franz Brentano.

It is generally accepted that “good” and “well” are synonymous, although some old notions persist that only good should be used to describe virtue and well should be used only as an adverb after feeling. This probably stems from the fact that the English adverbs “feeling” and “well” have the same etymological origin: Old English godd, presumably from the root of god (“affection, pity”) and -od (“to fatten”). In Spanish, both good and well can be predicated of an adjective, and both can be used to express satisfaction, pleasure, or agreement: “I feel very good!”; “nunca lo hemos hecho tan bien!”

Having the qualities that are desirable or appropriate for a particular purpose: a good secretary; a good winter coat; a good investment; a good book. Also used to mean kind, generous, or approving: She is such a good friend; He does the right thing most of the time; It’s a good job he’s working on this project. The term is also used in casual speech to refer to someone who is obedient, well-behaved, or polite. In some languages, the word is used to denote physical health and fitness: I am feeling good; I am in good condition. In other cases, it is a figurative or descriptive adjective: She is good-looking. She is a good seamstress. A good ice cream is made from a quality milk and cream. Goods are manufactured and sold, such as a good leather car seat or a good quality of flour.

The Basics of a Bicycle

A bicycle is a wheeled vehicle that is propelled by pedals and steered with handlebars. It is a popular method of transportation, especially for short distances in urban areas. It is also a sport and a form of exercise, and is good for both the body and the mind. It is easy to learn and can be done at any level of intensity, making it a great option for people recovering from injury or illness or those who want to get into fitness. Cycling is a fun way to get around town, and it causes less damage to the road than cars do.

Like all machines, bicycles require regular maintenance to keep them in working order. Some parts of a bicycle can be easily cleaned and maintained with standard household products, but other components may need to be replaced periodically. Many cyclists choose to perform some of this maintenance themselves, as it can be cheaper and more convenient than hiring a professional to do it for them.

With the advent of the safety bicycle in the late nineteenth century, cycling became a popular pastime and an accepted mode of transport. Cycling associations sprang up all over Europe and North America to inculcate the virtues of discipline, decency and social responsibility among their members. The proper form of posture, clothing and pace was taught in riding schools. The bike became a symbol of the dynamism of modern society and an emblem of self-discipline and decency.

In addition to improving the health and well-being of its riders, the bicycle has contributed to a more environmentally friendly lifestyle by eliminating the need for automobiles. Furthermore, it is a great source of recreation and exercise for the whole family. Cycling is a fun, affordable activity that can be done by almost anyone, and it’s an excellent alternative to high-impact exercises, such as running or basketball.

The bicycle’s brakes work by converting the kinetic energy of the rider into heat through friction between the rubber shoes and the metal inner rims of the front and rear wheels. The braking force of the bicycle is proportional to the force applied to the brake levers, and as the cyclist applies more pressure, the speed of the wheels slows down. In most modern bicycles, the braking system consists of caliper-operated disc brakes with steel-lined tires.

The bicycle’s crankset connects the pedals to the hubs of the rear and front wheels, and it is the drive for the bicycle. There are various cranksets available for different types of bicycles, ranging from single-speed to multi-speed and with various gearing ratios. A chain drives the cranks, and it is connected to the gears that convert the pedal power into the mechanical energy of motion of the bicycle. The frame is the main structural component of a bicycle and provides support for its other components. There are various types of frames, ranging from simple single-speed to advanced racing models. The frame can be made of steel, aluminium, titanium or carbon fiber, depending on the type of bike.

GOES Satellites Improve Weather Monitoring and Forecasting


The game of go, with its infinite combinations of moves and possible outcomes, is a formidable challenge for computers. In fact, no computer has ever beaten a human at the game in its entirety, but a few have come close. The latest breakthrough comes from a system that uses artificial intelligence to learn, rather than brute force, the optimal way to play a given position on the 19-by-19 board. The key to this approach is deep learning, which draws on techniques that are a distant relative of the neuronal circuits that govern the brain. This is the same technology that has recently enabled breakout performances in automatic image recognition, identifying things like dogs, cats and trees.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is on track to launch GOES-T on March 1 from Cape Canaveral, Florida. This satellite will replace GOES-17 in the GOES-West orbital position, which provides advanced imagery and atmospheric measurements of the western United States.

Located 22,236 miles above Earth’s equator, the geostationary GOES (Geosynchronous Operational Environmental Satellite) system has been a basic element of U.S. weather monitoring and forecasting since the launch of SMS-1 in 1974. The procurement, design and manufacture of GOES satellites are overseen by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. NOAA operates the satellites and corresponding ground systems for data transmission.

A key component of the GOES system is a network of radars, which track severe thunderstorms and other meteorological phenomena as they move across the country. Several NOAA National Weather Service offices, including the offices in San Francisco and Miami, rely on these images to provide detailed information that can save lives. The GOES satellites can also detect lightning strikes and monitor air pollutants.

In addition to the main weather sensors, GOES satellites feature sounders that probe the atmosphere for vertical temperature and water-vapor structures. These instruments help NOAA monitor volcanic eruptions and associated ash plumes, which can affect aviation safety.

The GOES-R series, which launched 19 November 2016, is the most sophisticated geostationary environmental satellites NOAA has ever built. The four-satellite series will improve observation of weather and climate events that directly impact public safety, property protection and the nation’s economy and prosperity.

GOES-R will feature faster image refresh rates than its predecessors, significantly improving the temporal cadence of the observations it transmits to NOAA National Weather Service offices and other users. It will deliver critical atmospheric, hydrologic, oceanographic, climatic and solar-geophysical data to central processing centers and directly to users through GBR, EMWIN and the High Rate Information Transmission (HRIT) service. This includes an expanded hemispheric coverage and improved response times for volcanic ash, wildfires and fog. GOES-R will also have enhanced capabilities for detecting and communicating with space weather phenomena, such as coronaviruses. The $11 billion program consists of four satellites, an extensive land system of satellite dishes and new methods for crunching the massive stream of expected data. The GOES-R system will operate for 14 years.

The Importance of Being Nice


Nice is a word that gets thrown around a lot. It’s used to describe people who are polite, thoughtful, and generally well-behaved. But there’s a lot more to being nice than meets the eye. Some people use the term to mean they’re agreeable and easy-going, while others take it a step further to describe someone who is benevolent and compassionate. Regardless of how you use the word, being nice takes work and requires a level of self-control that can be difficult for some people to master.

A nice person is someone who likes to make other people happy. Whether it’s baking them a cake, offering words of encouragement, or helping them out with a tough situation, they are always looking for ways to make others smile. Nice people often find that the act of making other people happy makes them feel good as well. This positive feedback loop is a great way to reduce social anxiety and become more comfortable in public settings.

When you’re nice, you treat everyone equally. You don’t favour certain friends over others, and you’re genuinely happy for anyone who achieves their goals. Nice people also show respect for other people’s views, even if they disagree with them.

Nice people are willing to compromise their values in order to keep the peace. They may even sacrifice friendships or relationships in the name of being nice. This can be problematic, especially when the sacrifice is made in the face of personal integrity. Nice people don’t often stand up for their beliefs, and they will be led astray by peer pressure and the desire to please others.

Being nice can be a tiring job, and it’s important for nice people to take time out for themselves. They should try to get enough sleep, eat healthy foods, and exercise, as these simple activities help them feel balanced and healthy. They should also practice gratitude and try to remember the good things that happen in their day. This will help them to focus less on negative situations that can cause stress and depression.

It’s important for nice people to set boundaries and stick to them. This means refusing to be a doormat for other people and setting firm limits with their colleagues. They should also clearly communicate their expectations, standards of performance, and meeting types. This will help to eliminate ambiguity, which feeds toxic niceness.

The distinction between nice and kind is often blurred, as they are both considered to be positive traits. However, it’s important to note that niceness and kindness can be mutually exclusive. For example, someone could be nice in one sense by holding the door for a stranger without being kind to them.

Being nice takes a lot of energy, self-control, and empathy. It can be exhausting and lead to burnout, especially when you’re constantly sacrificing your own needs for those of others. So if you find yourself being too nice, don’t be afraid to speak up and stand up for your values.