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The Basics of a Bicycle

A bicycle, also known as a pedal cycle or push-bike, is a human-powered, two-wheeled motor vehicle that uses the rider’s feet to move. It is distinguished from a tricycle by having two wheels attached to a frame, one in front of the other, and by having a seat for the rider. Bicycles may have brakes to slow or stop the wheels, and a handlebar for steering. A bicycle can be fitted with a trailer to carry cargo or children.

The first bicycles were made in the early 1880s and had solid rubber tires. Later, John Boyd Dunlop invented the pneumatic tire which greatly improved ride comfort and speed. These improvements led to the development of the modern bicycle, with a frame, chain, and gears that allow the rider to propel himself forward. The bicycle is the most popular form of transportation in the world, and has a large number of applications in sport and recreation, as well as in commerce and trade.

Bicyclists are often stereotyped as uppity, spoilt and weird, although recent research has shown that bike riders actually have lower rates of obesity, heart disease and stroke than people who do not regularly exercise. In addition, it is an excellent form of low-impact exercise.

Many variations are possible on a bicycle, including the addition of mudguards, lights and a basket for carrying groceries. Some have suspension seat posts or saddles to help absorb shock and reduce the strain on the rider’s body. Parents frequently add rear-mounted child seats or a hitch on the frame to tow a trailer to carry cargo or children.

Basic bicycles have a seat, pedals and gearing, and are mounted on a frame. The pedals are connected to the cranks via a chain, and the cranks are attached to the back wheel to make the bicycle move forward. The handlebar is positioned in front of the seat, and turning it swivels the front wheel to steer the bicycle. Some bikes have gearing, which allows the pedals to be turned more slowly or more quickly than the cranks, thus allowing the rider to keep his balance on a steep hill or when stopping suddenly. The most common type of bicycle has three or more gears, and the most advanced bikes have up to 27 gears. Many of the modern bicycles are built with carbon fiber or aluminum alloy frames and components, and can be adjusted to fit the rider’s height and riding style. The gearing can be adjusted manually, or using a derailleur that automatically shifts the chain from one sprocket to another. Some bicycles have an optional electric drive that can be used to assist with climbing steep hills. Most of the newer bicycles have front and rear disc brakes, which provide more stopping power than traditional rim brakes. This is particularly important for women, who are more likely to crash if they try to brake with their hands when descending. This is especially true when wearing heels, as they have a greater tendency to skid than other types of shoes.

GOES-18 – The Latest Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

The game of go (, pronounced ‘g’) is played between two opposing players on a 19 x 19 board. Each player has white or black stones which they place on vacant intersections (points) of the board. The object of the game is to surround an opponent’s stone with your own in order to capture it, or force him to resign. There are many different strategies in go, and it is important for students of the game to understand how these strategies work.

The GOES (Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite) program provides critical atmospheric, hydrologic, oceanographic, climatic, space weather and solar geophysical data to NOAA/SEC customers. The GOES spacecraft series and the ground system are managed by NOAA’s National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service division.

GOES-18, the latest spacecraft in the GOES-16 series of geostationary operational environmental satellites, is providing meteorologists with striking views of Earth. The GOES-18 Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) has three times more spectral channels, four times more resolution, and five times faster scanning than previous GOES instruments. ABI is also able to combine multiple channels of data to produce imagery that approximates what the human eye would see from space, called GeoColor.

A key objective of GOES-18 is to provide near real-time imagery for the NOAA space weather forecasting community, and to detect the presence of threatening space debris in Earth orbit that could disrupt communications systems, affect satellites in higher Earth orbit, or reduce navigational accuracy of high altitude aircraft and power grids on the ground. GOES-18’s Space Environment Monitoring instrument (SEM) is currently providing this capability in real-time by monitoring the near-Earth solar-terrestrial electromagnetic environment and transmitting the information to NOAA/SEC.

A research team led by Professor Hashimoto from Japan’s Kanazawa University used GOES-18 to study Amazon seasonality, an aspect of Earth’s climate that is not well represented in existing models. The Amazon rainforest is covered by clouds most of the year, making it difficult to observe seasonal changes in temperature and moisture from polar-orbiting satellites. GOES-18’s geostationary position, which allows it to monitor the Amazon every 10 minutes for an entire day, allowed researchers to identify patterns that polar-orbiting satellites often miss.

NOAA’s GOES-R program is developing the next generation of geostationary environmental satellites, with improved capabilities for both direct and centralized services. The GOES-R spacecraft series, and its improved ground segment infrastructure, will enable NOAA to meet increasing user demands for lower latency, full hemispheric coverage, and enhanced direct services. The GOES-R program is being funded by NOAA’s Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research with support from NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. NOAA’s DOC is responsible for setting requirements and approving budgets for the overall GOES-R program, including the GSFC Ground Segment Project procurement. NOAA/SEC manages the design and development of GOES-R’s sensor suite. The GOES-R system is scheduled to enter service in 2021.

The Qualities of a Nice Person

A nice person is polite, pleasant and respectful. They treat others with kindness, and they do their part to make the world a better place. Nice people usually have a good attitude and they work hard to keep their temper under control. They also show interest in other people and try to learn something new from every interaction they have. This quality makes it easy for a nice person to get along with everyone.

The word nice has many definitions, ranging from “pleasant and agreeable” to “foolish and stupid.” It is a polysemous word, meaning that it can take on different meanings depending on context.

Nice is the capital city of the Alpes-Maritimes department in the southeast of France. It is a coastal city on the Mediterranean Sea. Nice is renowned for its mild climate, which has made it a popular destination for tourists and retirees. The city has many parks and gardens, including the Parc des Anglais. It has a lot of palm trees and eucalyptus, which give the city its subtropical feel.

Some people use the term nice to refer to a man who wants sex, but not everyone believes this is true. The term nice guy has become more commonly used in feminist spaces to describe a man who feels that being kind automatically entitles him to sex with women.

Being a nice person requires a high level of empathy and the ability to put oneself in other people’s shoes. Nice people are willing to help friends and strangers alike, even if it means going out of their way. They do things like hold doors open for others, offer to lend a hand when needed and compliment other people on their looks. This is because they truly care about the feelings and opinions of other people.

It’s important for nice people to be honest with themselves and their own needs, too. If they are constantly repressing their own thoughts and emotions in order to be nice, they might end up feeling unfulfilled. They may also become irritable and have emotional outbursts that they can’t explain.

Being nice can be rewarding, but it is not without its costs. If someone is putting themselves out for other people but isn’t being nice to themselves, they will eventually burn out. Nice people are self-respecting and know that they deserve to be treated nicely, too. They also realize that they can’t be a giver without being a taker from time to time. This is why they practice self-care and take time to enjoy themselves. This allows them to continue being nice to other people. They also understand that they can’t always please everyone, and they don’t expect others to be perfect. This self-respect and appreciation also helps them to stay consistent with their niceness, even when life throws them a curveball. Being nice isn’t easy, but it is gratifying in the long run. Those who are consistent with their kindness will reap the benefits of it over the course of their lifetime.

What Is Good?

Generally speaking, good is an adjective that describes something as desirable or worthwhile. Good food, a good book, and good company are examples of things that are considered good. The word good can also be used as a noun or verb. As a noun, it can refer to the state of being healthy or well. It can also be used to describe a person’s character or personality, such as being a good parent or friend. As a verb, it can mean to succeed or to do something well. For example, someone who has done a good job on a project or exam is said to have “done a good job.”

As a concept, the idea of good has been an important issue in moral philosophy. A number of philosophers have tried to define it, but many of these definitions have been controversial. For instance, some philosophers have tried to separate it from pleasure, arguing that the latter is not a sufficient condition for something to be called good. Others have attempted to analyze what makes something good, and this was especially prevalent in the 19th century. This line of inquiry was sparked by the publication of G. E. Moore’s Principia Ethica, which introduced a philosophical approach to the question of good.

There are two main ways to understand the concept of good: hedonism and perfectionism. Hedonism is the view that the purpose of life is to pursue pleasure, while perfectionism is the idea that humans have certain innate potentials that must be realized to be fully human. Hedonism and perfectionism both appear in antiquity, but they were less prominent than aristotelianism or utilitarianism, which were the dominant theories of ethics in the classical world.

A person who is a good person is respectful and has good manners. They show appreciation for people’s achievements and are happy for their accomplishments. They also treat other people with respect, even if they disagree. A good person is also loyal to their friends and family. They call their parents regularly and are genuinely excited to hear about their kids’ achievements.

In addition to being respectful and having good manners, a good person is honest. They are willing to admit when they are wrong and try to learn from their mistakes. A good person is trustworthy and dependable, and they always have a positive outlook on life.

When writing an article about good, it is important to focus on the topic and to be clear and concise. It’s also helpful to provide a lot of supporting evidence and facts so that readers can trust what you have written. It’s also a good idea to use charts and tables to illustrate important information in your article.

The term good is often used as a synonym for great, but it should not be confused with that meaning. An article that is good meets a core set of editorial standards and passes through the good article nomination process. It is well-written, contains factual and verifiable information, is broad in scope, neutral in point of view, stable, and illustrated, where possible, by relevant images with suitable copyright licenses.

The Basics of Riding a Bicycle

The bicycle is a human-powered, two-wheeled vehicle with a frame and one or more wheels. It is also known as a pedal cycle, bicycle, or push bike. A person riding a bicycle is called a cyclist.

Bicycles are manufactured in a wide range of styles and prices, with some more expensive models used for racing or other competitive events. A bicycle’s most basic components include a seat, pedals, gearing, and handlebar. The frame is the central element to which all other parts are attached, and it can be made from various materials such as metal or carbon fiber. Regardless of material, the most important attribute is its strength to support the rider and to allow attachment of the other components.

Pedal efficiency is key to riding a bike quickly and with ease. Using proper form while pedaling will help you get more speed out of your legs and back. Basically, you want to push down hard on the pedals during the downstroke and pull up on the upstroke. This will make it easier to reach top speeds.

Early bicycles were often made of wood or iron, with wooden wheels and cranks. Karl von Drais invented a device in 1817 that he called a draisine, which was similar to the modern bicycle except that it did not require a human to power it. Later inventions included the velocipede and a number of other variations on the basic design. The bicycle became a popular mode of transportation in the nineteenth century.

During the first few decades of the twentieth century, manufacturing techniques improved to the point that aluminum was used for frames and other components in higher quality bikes. The bicycle industry developed into a major source of employment for skilled metalworkers. The bicycle also provided a test bed for advanced mechanical designs that were later employed in other forms of transport, such as automobiles and airplanes.

The modern bicycle has a chain connecting the frame-mounted cranks to the rear wheel. This drive system is more efficient than previous systems such as shaft drives. Most modern bicycles also have a mechanism to shift gears, which allows the rider to change the amount of force applied to the pedals.

Other uses of the bicycle include utility cycling for transporting goods. For example, in cities and towns, some people use bicycles to deliver newspapers, mail, small packages, and hot food to their customers. The bicycle can also be used by law enforcement officers, who are mounted on specially designed bicycles, to maneuver in crowded city streets where it would be difficult for a motorized vehicle to operate. Finally, some automobile and other industrial plants use bicycles to provide transportation for employees between different parts of the facility.

The Next Generation of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES)

Since their debut, the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) have been revolutionizing weather forecasting and the broader field of Earth observation. NOAA engineers and scientists are now preparing for the next generation of GOES satellites, which will provide additional information to support the nation’s growing needs for disaster preparedness, climate monitoring and environmental science.

The GOES satellites orbit 22,236 miles above Earth at a speed equal to the planet’s rotation, maintaining a fixed position above a particular geographic region of the Earth at all times. On board, a suite of state-of-the-art Earth and space weather instruments allow scientists to collect and process imagery and data in real time. This data is then sent to National Environmental Satellite and Information Service (NESDIS) facilities for distribution to a wide variety of users, from the National Weather Service to universities and private weather services.

GOES consists of two operational satellites, GOES East and GOES West, which share a common orbit. GOES East monitors the eastern side of North America, while GOES West watches the western side. Each satellite carries a number of sensors that allow it to detect a variety of atmospheric phenomena, including clouds, thunderstorms and severe weather.

In addition to the Earth observation sensors, the GOES system also includes a powerful suite of auxiliary instruments that monitor solar activity and space weather events. The GOES Imager, for example, can observe the Sun’s coronal mass ejections, which can cause power grid disruptions and affect communications systems on Earth. Similarly, the GOES Sounder can detect lightning and the magnetometer can measure plasma particles in Earth’s atmosphere and at high altitudes in the solar wind.

These ancillary sensors are augmented by the satellite-to-ground communications link that relays data from remote Automatic Data Collection Platforms (DCPs) on Earth’s surface. The onboard DCS (Data Collection System) collects, processes and transmits environmental data transmitted from the DCPs via narrow-band WEFAX transmissions to the GOES system from a small ground segment of receiving stations that are in radio view of the satellite.

Data transmission from the DCPs to GOES occurs over a network of a series of 200 channels, called slots, that are available at various times during a day. Each slot is assigned a DCP ID, which allows the DCS to identify and respond to data requests from the DCPs. The GOES DAPS (Goes DCS Automated Processing System) then sends the appropriate data to a selected receiver on Earth. The DAPS is capable of both sending random requests to all channels and interrogating specific DCPs at designated intervals during the day.

How to Be Nice

Nice means having the ability to make people around you happy. People are drawn to nice people because they like and respect them. They are able to put themselves in your shoes and understand what you need. Nice people are good listeners and genuinely care about others. They also have a strong sense of personal values. They are honest with you and will never lie to you. They don’t exaggerate their accomplishments, but they do know how to celebrate their victories.

Being nice is not always easy. People who are nice have to make sure they take time for themselves and stay positive when life throws them a curveball. This is because it’s impossible to be nice to everyone else if you don’t treat yourself with kindness.

A true nice person will be willing to do whatever it takes to help others. If a friend needs a ride to the airport, they will happily offer one even if they aren’t already heading there. If a family member is sick, they will visit them in the hospital without complaint. If a coworker needs someone to cover for them while they’re out of the office, they’ll do so without asking for anything in return.

They will not only show their kindness in their actions, but they will always respect others’ feelings and opinions. If a friend disagrees with them, they will let them know, but they won’t criticize them or judge them. This is because they are empathetic and want everyone to be happy, not just themselves.

When they’re having a bad day, nice people will often turn to words of encouragement. They may look for inspirational quotes online, watch a motivational speech, or read something thoughtful. It’s a simple way to improve their mood and remind themselves of the good things in their lives.

Whether they’re in public or at home, nice people will always remember their manners. They’ll smile, say please and thank you, and use their proper utensils when they’re eating. It’s not a show of status or to impress people; it’s simply because they respect others and want to treat them as they would like to be treated.

When it comes to their own family, nice people will be generous with their time and money. They will often volunteer to help with projects at school or the local church, and they will donate food or clothing to those in need. They’ll also go out of their way to spend time with their loved ones, such as attending a birthday party or taking them on an outing.

The next time you meet a nice person, remember their value of honesty and respect their integrity. They will never be rude or obnoxious, and they’ll always have a great sense of humor. They’ll also be able to get along with just about anyone, regardless of their race, religion, or political affiliation. So the next time you’re having a bad day, try being nice to yourself and see how it makes you feel.

What Is a Bicycle?

A bicycle, or bike, is a two-wheeled human powered land vehicle. It consists of a seat, two pedals, a frame with wheels, and a metal chain connecting the pedals to cogs on the wheels. Bicycles are used by millions of people worldwide for various purposes including recreation, exercise, commuting, deliveries, or racing. The term “bicycle” derives from the Latin words bi- (“two”) and cylindrus (wheel).

The modern bicycle was invented in the late 19th century. Prior to that, people used a variety of wheeled vehicles for transport. These included the dandy horse, hobby horse, boneshaker, velocipede, and penny-farthing.

Some bikes are designed for specific purposes. For example, a mountain bike has a rugged frame, suspension, and brakes that can be used for off-road riding. Other types of bicycles are designed for speed or distance. A road or race bike is built to be light and fast, often with aerodynamic features like dropped handlebars and disc brakes. A touring bike is designed to carry a lot of gear over long distances, with sturdy frames and attachment points for racks and panniers.

Most bikes are constructed with steel or aluminum, but other materials, such as titanium and carbon fiber, have also been used for construction. Steel is the most common material for bicycles because it is relatively inexpensive, durable, and versatile. The choice of material for a particular component depends on its use, performance requirements, and manufacturing costs.

The bicycle was originally pushed along by the rider, but later the cranks were added to allow the rider to propel the bike with their feet. Then in the late 1800s, inventors developed a freewheel that allowed the bike to continue spinning even if the rider wasn’t pushing on the pedals. This allowed for more efficient riding, and soon other inventions like better hand brakes and different types of gears made cycling much easier.

Nowadays, there are a wide variety of bicycles available on the market. Some are designed to be lightweight, some are more comfortable, and some are designed for specific types of terrain. Some bicycles are even fitted with a cargo trailer to transport goods or passengers.

In recent years, electric bicycles have gained popularity as a green transportation alternative. These have an electric motor that assists the rider when they are not pedaling, which can make it easier to climb hills or go faster on flat roads.

Many people who ride a bicycle regularly describe the experience as being similar to that of dating a person. You get to know a bike over time, and it takes some time before you really understand what it can do for you. For most people, a good bike can change their life for the better. Bicycling, or biking, is a lifestyle that can be enjoyed by people of all ages and fitness levels. It can be a fun and healthy way to spend time with friends, commute to work, or even get to the grocery store.

The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES)

The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) provide continuous satellite observations that are a critical element of National Weather Service (NWS) forecasting and storm warning operations. The series of geostationary satellites, which track the Earth in a circular orbit about 35,790 kilometers (22,240 miles) above the surface of the Earth, monitor the atmospheric conditions that affect weather and space weather. They also provide valuable data on Earth’s climate and atmosphere, as well as aid in search-and-rescue efforts. The GOES series of geostationary weather satellites has been an integral part of the NWS mission since 1974. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is responsible for the design and procurement of the spacecraft, as well as the satellites’ onboard instruments. NOAA provides funding and requirements, and owns the resulting system in orbit.

The GOES-R series of satellites, launched in 2015 and beyond, feature state-of-the-art imaging instruments that provide high spectral, spatial and temporal resolution as well as enhanced radiometrics. They feature an Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) with three times the spectral channels, four times the resolution and five times the scanning speed of previous GOES imagers. GOES-R’s other instruments include the Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM), Extreme Ultraviolet and X-ray Irradiance Sensor (EXIS) and Space Environmental In Situ Suite (SEISS).

In addition to enhancing operational services, the GOES satellites enhance research on the atmospheric and oceanic environments. They are used to improve atmospheric and space weather models, and their data products allow scientists to better understand long-term climate trends.

GOES also contributes to improved public safety by monitoring for dangerous atmospheric phenomena. For example, the GOES-12 and -13 satellites are equipped with a system that detects signals from 406 MHz emergency beacons carried on planes, ships or individuals, and relays them to search-and-rescue crews.

Each GOES satellite has a unique name that is based on its position in orbit: GOES-E gives a view of the Eastern half of North America, and GOES-W offers a picture of the Western side of the continent. The satellites are designated by a letter before launch, and after they reach orbit they are given a number. Images from GOES can be viewed through NOAA’s NESDIS and NASA’s GEOS website.

The GOES satellites are controlled by NOAA’s Satellite Operations Control Center in Suitland, Maryland. During significant events, the satellites can be commanded to change their normal schedules to better monitor conditions.

The onboard Data Collection Platform (DCS) allows GOES satellites to receive narrow-band wefax data transmissions from remote automatic weather stations that are located near the Earth’s surface. The DCS is then able to relay the information via its auxiliary antenna to existing small, regional wefax receiving stations that are in radio view of the GOES satellites.

The Importance of Being Nice

Nice is a word with many meanings, and it has a long semantic history. It has been used to describe people who are friendly or ingratiating, as well as to describe things that are pleasant or agreeable. It has also been used to refer to a person’s character, and it can be an adjective that describes someone who is good-natured, considerate, and respectful of others.

People who are described as nice often evoke positive feelings in the people around them. They are warm and try to build group solidarity, and they put the needs of others before their own. This type of behavior can make them seem trustworthy. In fact, research shows that a person’s level of agreeableness correlates with their trustworthiness. However, not all agreeableness is created equal. Some types of agreeableness, such as extraversion, can actually be detrimental to a person’s ability to be trusted.

It’s important to understand the difference between being nice and being kind. Being nice means going out of your way to help or please others, while being kind requires a higher degree of benevolence. For example, if you hold the door for someone because you think it will make them feel good, this is being nice, but not necessarily kind. If, on the other hand, you are trying to spare them from inconvenience, this is considered kindness because it’s based on a desire to help them.

Another important thing to know about being nice is that it isn’t always easy. Life can throw us all kinds of curveballs, and being nice isn’t always possible when you are feeling down or overwhelmed. A genuinely nice person will persevere through the hard times and continue to act with kindness even when they aren’t feeling their best.

Being nice is a choice that each of us makes every day. It’s an intentional effort to make other people feel good and contribute to the world in a positive way. It’s a way of life that can bring great rewards, both personally and professionally. Nice people tend to have a greater pool of genuine friends because they are a pleasure to be around and they inspire others to be kind.

Whether they’re a stranger or a loved one, nice people are a joy to be around. They are warm, thoughtful and always ready to lend a helping hand. And they know that a little bit of kindness goes a long way.

What’s more, being nice can be extremely beneficial to your own mental health. According to a recent study, people who perform more acts of kindness reported being happier and less stressed than those who don’t. And it doesn’t matter if the kindness is directed toward friends, strangers or even yourself — the effects are the same.