GOES Satellites and Their Instruments


GOES has provided continuous images and data on atmospheric conditions and solar activity since 1975. Its data products have revolutionized forecasting and helped scientists better understand long-term climate conditions.

Designed to operate in geostationary orbit, 35,790 km (22,240 mi) above the Earth’s surface, GOES satellites are constantly watching over the North American and Pacific oceans and parts of Central America, South America, and southern Canada. Their three-axis, body-stabilized design allows the sensors to “stare” at the Earth and provide real-time coverage of local weather events such as severe storms and hurricanes.

In addition, the GOES satellites have a wide range of instruments that allow meteorologists to monitor and forecast the entire Earth’s environment, including clouds, surface temperatures, water vapour, and vertical thermal and vapor structures in the atmosphere. Scientists use a technique called infrared thermodynamic imaging to collect and analyze the data from these instruments.

Most GOES satellites have two sensors that can see the entire Earth in one plane, or “full-disc.” These instruments are sensitive to short and long wavelengths of thermal infrared radiation that is emitted by Earth. At higher altitudes, oxygen, carbon dioxide, ozone, and methane absorb the longer wavelengths of thermal infrared radiation while allowing the shorter wavelengths to pass through.

The GOES instruments are also very effective at monitoring cloud tops and water vapor in the upper atmosphere, where the atmosphere is not as thick as it is at lower altitudes. These instruments are sensitive to long-wavelength infrared radiation and can measure the height of the cloud tops, the moisture content, and the temperature variations with altitude.

Using these instruments, scientists can determine how quickly the clouds move and where they form. They can then estimate the wind speed and direction.

This information is important for detecting the formation of thunderstorms, which can lead to tornadoes and other damaging winds. It can also be used to track rain bands, which can affect the progress of tropical cyclones.

Each GOES instrument has regular schedules that allow it to scan certain areas of the Earth on a daily basis. These schedules can change as conditions change and meteorologists need to know more about what’s going on at any given time.

They can also scan areas of the globe multiple times a day. This is called an “imager/sounder schedule.”

The imager and sounder on GOES-R scan the Earth five times faster than previous GOES, providing a higher resolution image that enables more accurate and reliable forecasts and severe weather warnings. The imager also uses new sensors for multispectral imagery, a Geostationary Lightning Mapper, and a Magnetometer that can identify the location of magnetic anomalies in the Earth’s atmosphere.

The GOES-R series is the next generation of NOAA’s GOES satellites, which were launched on 19 November 2016. They are part of an $11 billion effort to improve the ability to detect and observe environmental phenomena that directly impact public safety and our nation’s economy.

What Makes a Nice Person?

A nice person is someone who is pleasant to be around and a good influence. They inspire people and have a large pool of genuine friends. They also genuinely care about others and their thoughts, words and actions show this.

The word nice comes from the Latin term nia, which means “to be good.” It’s a popular synonym for kind and is often used to describe someone who acts in a way that is kind or helpful. It’s also used to describe a city, town or country that is considered to be pleasant.

Almost everyone likes to be in the company of someone who is nice. The good feeling of spending time with a nice person makes you feel good about yourself and increases your sense of self-worth. In fact, researchers have found that people who are socially anxious benefit from being nice to others because it helps them overcome their fears and build confidence.

Nice people aren’t perfect and they have flaws of their own but they are always trying to improve themselves. They do their best to avoid making the same mistake twice and they strive to always make their decisions from a fair perspective.

They don’t focus on popularity but they don’t want to sacrifice their values just to win friends. They don’t take advantage of people and they will speak up if something isn’t right, even if it can lead to losing friendships.

People who are nice aren’t afraid to say how they feel and what they need, which can be a big help for those who find it hard to express their feelings. This can be particularly difficult for those who have a tendency to put on a mask of politeness, but it’s important to remember that emotions are an integral part of the human experience and must be cultivated and expressed in order to live a happy and fulfilling life.

Keeping your own needs and feelings hidden can be very dangerous because you can never be sure who might hear them, or how they might react to them. For example, if you don’t let someone know that you need a hug, they might not realize it. They might also think you’re being a bad friend or that you’re trying to be too nice.

You can’t always predict when you’re going to need a friend or an ear, but you should definitely ask for one. When you do, you’ll likely get a warm smile and someone will listen to you with compassion.

The nice people in your life may be able to help you with some of the most important things in your life. They can lend you a listening ear, offer advice, give you a shoulder to cry on or just be there for you when you need to talk.

They can also help you with your finances, give you a ride or provide a meal when you’re in a pinch. They can also be your cheerleader and they’ll tell you that you can do whatever it takes to achieve your goals.