The concept of good has been around for centuries. But what is good? And how can we define it? The answer depends on the perspective you take. There are two main views of what is good, subjective and objective. Subjective views rely on noncognitive attitudes, while objective views are based on knowledge. One of the main advocates of an objective view is David Hume. Hume argues that an objective view does not account for the action-guiding nature of values, which is the primary point of moral discourse.
Good can be a noun or an adjective. A good noun is something that can be sold. Shopkeepers strive to make their products look good, so they can sell them. The word “good” comes from an Old German word meaning to gather, and originally meant something that was suitable for sale or fit well.
The concept of good has been defined in many ways throughout history. In the ancient Greek world, it was associated with a sense of justice and goodness. It is also associated with a feeling of happiness. Aristotle’s definition of good is rooted in the idea that good can be the result of rational judgments. However, this definition does not necessarily apply to the Western world. Good is used in various contexts, and Aristotle’s initial definition of it is quite different from the Stoics’ definition.
While the belief that the world is essentially good is based on metaphysical grounds, it has not been proven to be so. In some metaphysical traditions, the belief that the world is essentially good has been rooted in a belief in a good God. For example, the belief that the universe is essentially good is the same as the idea that everything is perfect.
In the Christian world, God is the source of all good and evil. His will is good. He created all things, including humans. Moreover, God is the source of all good, so that all things are created by God. All beings are created with nature, and the good in them is the reflection of God. This means that there are both subjective and objective forms of good.
In contemporary philosophy, the definition of the good has shifted from being an ideal state of being to being the product of the act of consciousness. It is now called ontological good. Ontological good is an action that creates new things. But in Hegel’s view, good is embodied in action. For example, we can create a new compound by combining two elements, but without good, we cannot produce a new element.
This is why, as a person, we should behave in such a way that we respect the goods of others. This is also the case with the idea of the common good.