Various ideas about the nature of good have emerged over the centuries. One of these approaches, espoused by seventeenth-century philosophers such as Aristotle and John Dewey, holds that good is simply an indefinable quality that cannot be defined. Another view holds that good is a kind of organic unity, an attribute that cannot be defined and is independent of circumstance. Other theories, such as the utilitarian theory of value, place a high priority on the pursuit of the greatest good, regardless of its source.
Another approach to understanding the meaning of good comes from the context it has in everyday life. In everyday language, good means something that is useful or pleasurable. For example, when we talk about being productive at work, good may be the same as being able to see things in 20/20. The same can be said for feeling comfortable and joyful. But good also includes the physical condition of the body. For example, a comfortable chair can accommodate even larger people.
From an ethical perspective, being is not just existence, it is also development. While all things are intellectually good, not all are morally good. Moral good is only good in a certain situation. And the process of developing himself is a process of relating to other beings. This process is what gives expression to the primary principle of being. So it is not only being good, but also development. We give expression to this primary principle by living with other beings.
In philosophy, the term good has many meanings, and we cannot fully capture it in simpler terms. Its broad and varied significance is reflected in the history of philosophy. There are three different types of good: subjective, ethical, and metaphysical. Each of these has its own unique meaning. These three categories are the fundamental pillars of morality. The distinctions between these three approaches are helpful for systematic study of these ideas. It is important to understand that morality is different for everyone.