Good and bad have different definitions. Good is an abstract concept and consists of both a state of being and a set of attributes. A subjective view is based on noncognitive attitudes, while an objective view is based on knowledge. Hume, a leading proponent of the objective view, argued that mere contemplation of an object does not affect our desire for it. However, recognizing something has an effect on our desires.
Ontological good refers to the corporeal and spiritual being of a human being, or an anthropological exemplar. Ontological good is desirable for itself, but does not represent the ultimate good of a human being. Ontological good, then, is a measure of a person’s worth, or his activities and deficiency. Moral good, on the other hand, refers to the ultimate goal of human well-being.
Immanuel Kant rejected the phenomenal idea of good, and sought an objective, universal moral relationship based on an absolute in a person. Kant found that absolute in good will. While Kant’s will is subjective, Spinoza and Hegel synthesized his views. While each view of good is controversial, they have a number of commonalities. As a result, a good idea will remain a persistent philosophical concern.
Aristotle, on the other hand, rejected the idea of an objective order of good. Instead, he argues that the objective order of the good is an impersonal principle that is beyond human cognition and our own actions. But, St. Augustine and other Christians recognized the supremacy of God, and insisted that all created things are good. In this view, the good is the end of our lives, and everything else is just a means to that end.
Aristotle also recognized the difficulties associated with defining a good. As such, it is essential to develop a deeper notion of good. He specifies in his Symposium that the highest good is absolute unity, harmony, and perfection. He also clarifies in the Republic that good is the ultimate principle in all things. This is because it is the source of all known things. If we fail to attain this ideal, we will never be fully satisfied.
In the modern era, the philosophy of value is taking over and being used more often than “good”. Both words are useful in conveying a value judgment. While “good” is often a descriptive term, it is not scientifically verifiable. Therefore, the term “value” is a more useful term to describe the entire field of human desires. It is not merely a judgment of fact or value, it can also be used to define the ultimate source of all things.
The highest form of the good is love. The highest form of love is the same as the best way to define it. The highest form of the will is love. It is the ultimate goal for man, the end of all things. It is good because it fills our intellectual appetite. When it satisfies our desire, we will experience happiness. This means that we love the highest form of love. If you are truly in love with the world, you will love the highest mode of love.