Bicycles are two-wheeled steerable vehicles that are used to transport people. They are also an alternative to driving, which has many health benefits. In addition, they are fun and a great way to get fit. Cycling can also help you keep lean and reduce your carbon footprint.
The bicycle originated in Europe, where it began to be developed in the mid-1800s. It was based on wooden carriage technology. However, it was a very cumbersome device. After the invention of the velocipede de pedale, which allowed the rider to propel the bike using his or her feet, the bicycle became more practical.
Bicycles became popular in France and England in the early 1860s. The Olivier brothers pedaled a velocipede 800 kilometers from Paris to Marseille. This craze spread throughout the world. These bikes became a hit among young people.
Before the end of the 19th century, however, the design of the bicycle remained almost static. Pedaling and steering via the front wheel remained a problem. Many improvements were made after 1900, including the first multiple-speed bicycles. During the 1920s, the French adopted derailleur gears, which are the basis of most modern bicycles.
In Britain, the industry shifted from Paris to Coventry, which became the centre of bicycle production. The industry was devastated by the Franco-German War in 1870, which set back the development of the bicycle in France. Fortunately, the British market was ready to absorb the entire batch.
After the war, Michaux, a pioneer in pedal-powered cycles, moved to a larger factory and expanded its product line. Michaux was founded by the Olivier brothers. They had purchased 69 percent of the company in 1864, and by 1867 the Michaux was a serious manufacturer.
In 1868, Rowley B. Turner ordered 400 Michaux bicycles for use in Britain. He had ridden one to his uncle’s house in Paris. The Olivier brothers then sold their shares to a British firm.
A diamond frame is a type of frame that features a head tube, a seat tube and a down tube. The top tube is typically made of alloy steels or aluminum.
The wheels are mounted in a metal frame. The fork connects to the front wheel, and the handlebars are attached to the stem. The person riding the bike steers the machine by leaning forward on the saddle.
Bicycles are usually designed for one to three persons. In some cases, additional people can be added, such as a child seat. Some bicycles feature a hitch or rear rack, which can be used to carry trailers.
Bicycles are typically ridden at speeds between 16 and 24 km/h. The cargo carrying capacity of a bicycle is measured in terms of how much weight it can carry. There are a very few bikes that use shaft drive instead of chain.
Bicycles are a convenient and time-efficient means of transportation. Regular cycling can improve physical fitness and reduce the risk of certain types of cancer. Even people with health concerns such as diabetes can benefit from regular exercise.