The GOES spacecraft operates in a geostationary orbit over the United States. It continuously scans the continental United States, the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, Central and South America, and southern Canada. GOES also has three axis body stabilization that makes it more capable of detecting clouds and observing Earth’s surface temperatures. It is also equipped with instruments to measure vertical thermal structures. The GOES mission has provided continuous coverage of weather systems for nearly three decades, and its data have been used for predicting climate change and in forecasting hurricanes, tornadoes, and other natural disasters.
GOES is in geostationary orbit when it is relative to the rotating Earth. It is placed over a fixed point on the Earth’s surface and monitors atmospheric triggers that can lead to severe weather. The GOES spacecraft also carries a series of primary payload instruments. The Imager and the Sounder detect infrared and visible reflected solar energy, while the Sounder measures cloud top temperatures and provides data on ozone distribution.
GOES uses three primary payload instruments: SEM and Imager. SEM measures the Sun’s effects on the near-Earth solar-terrestrial electromagnetic environment, and provides data to the SESC. The two other payloads, Sounder and Imager, provide data on the near-earth space environment. The SEM provides information to the SESC, and the Imager senses infrared and visible reflected solar energy. The Sounder, on the other hand, collects data about the vertical temperature of the atmosphere, cloud top temperature, and ozone distribution.
The SEM provides real-time data on the near-Earth solar-terrestrial electromagnetic environment. Infrared and visible radiation energy from the Sun is also detected by the Imager. The Sounder provides data on the distribution of ozone and the surface and cloud top temperature. These data are essential for climate prediction and other applications. GOES satellites also have a wide operational range. The GOES missions can be performed with a great deal of precision thanks to their ability to observe atmospheric changes and monitor a number of meteorological factors.
The GOES satellites orbit the Earth in a geostationary orbit. This means that it is constantly moving across the equatorial plane, and its position in the sky matches the rotation of the Earth. As a result, GOES satellites continuously monitor the Western Hemisphere from 22,300 miles above. When in a geostationary orbit, GOES is located near the Earth’s equatorial plane. Its main mission is to monitor the temperature of the oceans.
GOES satellites provide real-time data for the atmosphere. Its primary payload instruments are Imager and Sounder. The Imager measures infrared radiant energy and visible reflected solar energy. The Sounder provides data on the distribution of ozone. The SEM is the most important of these instruments, as it is used to determine where to predict extreme weather. So, it is crucial that GOES satellites provide accurate and timely information.