GOES Satellites and Payloads

The GOES spacecraft is a U.S. government satellite that provides real-time weather data. The GOES mission is part of the National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS). The satellite operates on a geostationary orbit and delivers information to various operational centers and research facilities around the world. GOES data products are used by many organizations, including the National Weather Service, commercial weather services, universities, the Department of Defense, and the scientific community.


The GOES satellites are in a geostationary position relative to Earth’s rotation, hovering over a particular position on Earth’s surface. This allows GOES to monitor atmospheric triggers that cause severe weather. GOES also has instruments that provide data on ozone, clouds, and surface temperatures. The GOES mission is essential to a wide range of organizations, from the federal government to the private sector.

The GOES-R mission is not limited to meteorology research. In addition to providing critical atmospheric and hydrologic data, GOES-R also has improved direct services, such as search and rescue operations, Low Rate Information Transmission, and solar radiation measurements. The GOES-R satellite is a highly capable spacecraft with a multi-purpose payload. It is also used to support scientific research using a variety of data sets.

The GOES satellites are equipped with an array of sensors that continuously monitor atmospheric conditions. These sensors are programmed to collect sensor data and transmit it on specified GOES channels. GOES-R imagery is derived from the other GOES satellites. It provides data on cloud cover, air temperature, and precipitation. This information helps forecasters predict severe weather. It also improves the forecasting capabilities for hurricanes and winter storms.

The GOES satellites have four primary payload instruments. The SEM measures the solar-terrestrial electromagnetic environment and provides real-time data to SESC. The primary payload instrument, Imager, senses infrared and visible reflected solar energy. The Sounder instrument provides data on vertical atmospheric temperature profiles, cloud top temperature, and ozone distribution. Its main mission is to provide data that can help forecasters make better weather predictions.

The GOES satellite’s main mission is to observe the Earth’s atmosphere from space. It uses satellites with high-resolution data. The GOES mission has two primary payload instruments: the Imager and the Sounder. The Imager detects infrared and visible reflected solar energy. The Sounder collects data that is important for forecasting severe weather. The VIS band also provides synergy with the AVHRR/3 band.

The GOES mission provides the most accurate weather data available on Earth. Its GOES mission is the only satellite in the world to do this. The GOES satellites provide the best weather information and help forecasters in the United States and around the world. The GOES satellites will continue to be the only satellites in the sky that can detect rain. They will continue to serve the public until the next GOES mission is launched.