GOES (Global Orbiting Environmental Satellite)

GOES (Global Orbiting Environmental Satellite) is a NASA satellite that monitors the atmosphere and oceans in geostationary orbit. This means that GOES can see the entire continental United States, the Pacific Ocean, and a portion of the Southern Hemisphere at any given time. Because of GOES’ three-axis body-stabilized design, it is able to scan the Earth much more frequently than other satellites. Using its high-resolution imagery, GOES can detect storms and tropical cyclones, which is useful in predicting the impacts of extreme weather.


GOES uses a solid-state detector to measure the fluxes of electrons, proton, and alpha particles in the atmosphere. The EPS measures the fluxes in three channels, the E1 channel is sensitive to trapped outer-zone particles, and the I2 channel responds to reflected solar energy. The remaining channels are sensitive to electrons, which measure the fluxes outside of the magnetosphere. Because of this, users of GOES particle data must be aware of the high secondary response, although this has been corrected in the EPS data. The GOES instrument detects protons with energies over 32 MeV.

Images from the GOES satellite can be animated with the help of software called ImageJ. These images are displayed in a single window, each with its own animation control bar. To stop the animation, go to Image > Stacks > Tools > Stop Animation. In order to change the settings for each layer, use the same menu as that for start and stop animation. You can also add or remove layers and other elements to your GOES images, which are then available for the public to view.

The GOES mission is carried out with the primary payload instruments. The Imager provides data on infrared and visible reflected solar energy. The Sounder provides data on cloud top temperature and surface and cloud-top temperatures. The IMAGER image provides the SEM with data on the effects of the Sun on the solar-terrestrial electromagnetic environment. Moreover, the Imager and the SEM are also used for atmospheric research.

GOES is a spacecraft that provides critical data on oceanic and atmospheric conditions. Its data can also be used for weather forecasts, climate research, and search & rescue missions. With GOES, scientists can make use of the satellite’s various sensors to make their lives and the planet safer. They can use it to improve life and save animals and prevent global warming. And because it is constantly monitoring weather conditions, GOES is an invaluable tool for understanding the land.

The three GOES satellites will provide critical atmospheric, oceanic, and solar data. The 3rd generation of GOES will also provide improved direct services to help scientists and citizens around the world. For example, the mission will provide more information on storms and floods. Its mission will be fulfilled by a number of different instruments on board. The main payload instruments are the Imager and the Sounder. They are the satellite’s instruments. The Imager and the Sounder will provide infrared and visible reflected solar energy.