Go (Simplified Chinese ; Traditional Chinese ; Wade-Giles: Wei Ch’i)


Go (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: go; Wade-Giles: wei ch’i) is a game of strategy and tactics for two players on a rectangular board. It is played by moving a player’s pieces around the board in order to capture the opponent’s stones and prevent him from winning. It is similar to the popular board game chess, but has several important differences.

Compared to chess, there are a large number of possible moves in Go. Usually, there are more than 150 to 250 moves on each turn, and rarely the number falls below 100. This makes it harder for a computer program to calculate the best moves in advance, since it must compare every move with all other moves.

The game is very slow and takes up a lot of time, especially at the beginning when a new player must study the opponent’s position in order to decide how best to proceed. This may discourage beginners who might otherwise want to learn the game at a more rapid pace, and is one reason why the game has been slow to spread throughout the world.

There are many different types of materials used to play the game, but most modern sets use plastic or glass for their stones. They are typically available in either single- or double-convex shapes and can be made of any color, including black or white. The most expensive Go sets are often carved from single pieces of a tree trunk.

It is also possible to play the game on a paper board, and the more popular midrange equipment includes cardstock or laminated particle boards with stones of any material. A wooden board, however, is the preferred choice for professional players, as it is more durable and can be carved in a way that produces the desired effect.

This is because the board can be shaped into an oblong or square shape, or it can be left as is to allow for different patterns of movement and interaction between the players. This is because the movement of each player’s pieces is often dependent on where they are placed, and can also be influenced by the positioning of other pieces on the board.

For example, if a player’s position has a lot of empty points surrounding it, this may indicate that the player has a strong territorial advantage. Alternatively, it may be a sign that the player is in danger of being captured and weakened.

The number of spaces on the board is much larger than in chess, with a total of 361 on each side. This means that each space is larger than it would be on a chess board, and a lot of space is involved in every move. This is why a Go computer can’t compute every possible move in advance like it can in chess.

There are also a lot of possibilities in the positions on the board, and the player’s chances of winning are much greater. This makes the game very complicated, and the only way to win is by understanding how to best use each space in the board.